Vacations To Go


The U.K.


Day 1      





Day 2      




Rental Car  
  Do: Check-in hotel  
    NCP Edinburgh Castle Terrace parking lot
Castle Terrace
Edinburgh EH1 2EW
  Do: Edinburgh Castle (9:30-6) 18/14.50 pounds (Half off with EHC) Buy Tickets  
    (Walk down the hill out of the castle.)  
Royal Mile-approximately one Scots mile long, and runs between two foci of history in Scotland, from Edinburgh Castle at the top of the Castle Rock down to Holyrood Abbey.  There souvenir shops and restaurants.
    (Just after St. Giles on the left side.)  

The Nutcracker Christmas Shop (10-6)
High Street
Edinburgh, UK EH1 1TB

    (Go past S Bridge Street, Niddry and Blackfriar on the right side.)  
    Edinburgh Fudge Kitchen (10-6)
30 High Street
    (Go past New Street. On the left.)  
    Fudge House
197 Canongate


St. Regis/Braveheart Guest House £323
26 Gilmore Place
Edinburgh EH3 9N
Tel.: (+44) (0) 131 229 4057
Reserved by phone 10/22/12 with 2 Dbl and 2T, Internet access & wifi,
Full Scottish breakfast 8:30-9:30 a.m.-Bacon, egg & sausage • Scrambled, boiled or fried eggs • Haggis, black pudding and porridge, toast and fresh coffee or tea Orange juice / apple juice, Variety of cereals, Yogurt and Cheese spread, Wide selection of jams, Paid £35.00/Owe £288


Day 3      
9:00 a.m.
    (Go left on Gilmore Pl/A702. Turn left on Home St. Make a slight left on Earl Grey St/A700. Go left on Bread/Morrison/B700. It will become A8. At the Gogar roundabout take the 2nd left on A720. Take a left on M8. Take a right onto the M9. Exit onto the A84 to Callender and Crianlarich. Go west on A82.)  
12:00 p.m.
Fort Williams
  Do: Lunch-Sammy's Fish & Chips  
12:45 p.m. Depart: Fort Williams  
    (Go through town on the A84. Go left on A830 across the River Lochy. Park on the right side of the highway.)  
1:15 p.m.
Glenfinnan Monument & Viaduct- NT/£3.50/£2.50 (9:30-5:30)
PH37 4LT
The Visitor Centre presents displays and an 8 minute audio programme about Prince Charles Edward Stuart’s ill-fated campaign. Starting out from Glenfinnan, his Jacobite army took control of Edinburgh and got as far as Derby, before turning back and suffering final defeat at Culloden.  If the dramatic Highland vistas and even more dramatic history have not already taken your breath away, climb the spiral staircase to the observation platform at the top and channel your inner ‘Bonnie Prince Charlie’.  You should also be able to spot the equally impressive Glenfinnan Viaduct, made famous for its starring role in the Harry Potter films, and on a good day, even Ben Nevis.  There is also a shop, snack-bar, exhibition and toilets. It is a short walk from the Centre to the monument and viewpoint. (Harry Potter train to Hogswart)
2:15 p.m.
    (Go back on A830. Go left on B8004. Park at the Neptune's Staircase Car Park.)  
2:40 p.m.

Neptune's Staircase
The path begins from the far corner of the car park and leads straight onto the side of the Caledonian Canal. This is the bottom end of the flight of eight locks known as Neptune's Staircase, and is very popular with visitors. The locks were built in the early 1800s as part of the Caledonian Canal, which opened in 1847 and was planned by Thomas Telford. They descend a height of 19.5 metres in a horizontal distance of 457 metres and take ninety minutes for a boat to pass through. Turn right along the canal and carefully cross the busy road and then the railway line beyond to follow the canal-side path down towards Loch Linnhe.
The wide path follows the peaceful banks of the canal for over a kilometre down to the double loch at Corpach. Just beyond, the canal ends as a final sea-lock divides it from the salt waters of Loch Linnhe. There are a series of Telford-designed lock-keepers houses and a small beacon; cross the lock closest to the sea to reach the picnic area on the far side.
There are good views from the picnic area across Loch Linnhe to Fort William beyond, and Ben Nevis. Turn left and follow the far side of the canal; just downhill to the right is the Caol housing estate, and there is another Telford-designed house; keep by the canal as the path again crosses the railway and then the road. The road crosses the canal by means of a swing bridge.
You are now back at Neptune's Staircase, though on the opposite side of the canal. Follow the canal up beside all the lochs to the topmost loch around six hundred metres further on. The staircase is usually busy with both pleasure craft and boats seeking an easy route between the Atlantic and the North Sea. Cross the topmost loch, enjoying the views back down the staircase, and turn left down the other side of the canal to return to the start.
Ben Nevis-At 4406ft or 1344m, Ben Nevis is the highest mountain in the country. That's the good news. The bad news is that it's probably also the most popular. And simply in terms of people lifted or carried off, it is also probably the most dangerous.
3:40 p.m.
    (Go back to the A830 and go left/east.  Cross the river and go left/northeast on A82.)  
3:45 p.m.
Fort Williams
4:30 p.m.
5:00 p.m.
Ft. Augustus
5:15 p.m.
    (If you are arriving from the other direction as you reach the Glenmorriston arms hotel follow the A82 towards the Inverness direction, go past the little culdisack you will see the blue Darroch View B&B signs in the front garden but you need to carry on around the corner and take the next left again you will see the blue b&b signs at the bottom of the drive/private road and come all the way to the top.)  
Darroch View B&B
Inverness  IV63 7YA
Tel:  01320 351388
Haley Morgan booked on 10/06/12 by email for £195.00 for 3 rooms with 2 twins, 2 twins and a double. Cash upon arrival. Canceled a double room on 4/2013. £65 each Be there before 7 p.m. Satellite T.V., FREE wireless internet connection (WIFI), tea/coffee making facility,hairdryer,alarmclock & complimentary toietries. Packed lunches are also available on request. We also provide vegetarian breakfasts and packed lunches.
The price is £65 per room which does include breakfast. Breakfast consists of,tea/coffee, orange juice, iced water, 4 different cereals, toast with butter jam, marmalade & honey, fresh fruit, fruit cocktail, 2 bacon, 2 sausages (meat or vegetarian), grilled tomato,baked beans,tattie scone, black pudding, haggis slice, fried egg or scrambled egg. You can have as much or as little of the above as you wish, you can choose.
Double-Patio, Garden View, Mountain View, TV, Satellite Channels, Cable Channels, Ironing Facilities, Heating, Carpeted Floor, Wardrobe/Closet, Shower, Hairdryer, Free toiletries, Toilet, Bathroom, Electric Kettle, Alarm Clock
Twins-Garden View, Mountain View, TV, Satellite Channels, Cable Channels, Ironing Facilities, Heating, Carpeted Floor, Shower, Hairdryer, Free toiletries, Toilet, Bathroom, Electric Kettle


Day 4      

9:00 a.m.


    (Go back on the A82. On the right side of the road.)  

9:20 a.m.


Ft. Augustus 7

9:50 a.m.


Lewiston 20
Urquhart Castle 1/2 off EHP/ £7.90/£6.40 (9:30-6) 
Inverness, Inverness-shire IV63 6XJ
13th century, the Centre features an outstanding array of medieval artifacts found at the castle. Visitors can relax in the café and visit the shop with its local crafts. The visitor centre contains retail, interpretation area, audio-visual presentation and tearoom and toilets on one level. Stunning views of the loch can be obtained from visitor centre veranda.
    Drum Takeaway or Morning, Noon & Night  

1:30 p.m.



1:35 p.m.


Drumnadrochit 2
    (Right side of the road, just after the Drumnadrochit VC on the left, turn right.)  
    Courtyard Candy (On the right side is a bakery, too.)
Unit 2, Drum Farm Courtyard, Village Green,
Inverness, Drumnadrochit IV63

Loch Ness Gifts (9:30-4:30)
Drum Farm Visitors Centre
Drumnadrochit, Inverness, IV63 6TX
Fine quality gifts from the shores of Loch Ness in The Highlands of Scotland. We have sourced only the best suppliers from all over Scotland to enable us to offer you traditional Scottish and Nessie themed gifts and keepsakes or that special gift for any occasion.

    (When the A82 turns right, turn left on to the A831 at Drumnadrochit Bridge. The entrance to Nessieland is 150 metres on the right.)  
    Celtic Crafts Gift Shop
Nessieland (9-7)
The Loch Ness Lodge Hotel
Drumnadrochit, Inverness-shire IV63 6TU
We have an extensive range of silver jewellery, Scottish clan gifts, tartan scarves, kilts & accessories, T-shirts & hoodies, Nessies, toys, books, tea towels, thimbles, whisky, shortbread, magnets, key rings, pens, postcards, pin badges and much, much more ... Visit our new Christmas Corner. Create your own Loch Ness souvenir in our Penny Press. Watch the trains on our elevated model railway. Also a coffee shop with delicious home baking, soup and freshly made sandwiches and toasties are served daily. Sit on the terrace for a view.
    (Turn around and go back towards Inverness. On the left side as you enter the A82.)  
    Baking Birds (M-Fri 9-4)
3 Victoria Buildings
Drumnadrochit, Inverness-shire, IV63 6TU
Come and buy our homebaking, jams, chutneys, shortbread, meringues and many other things made by The Baking Birds. Come and order your birthday/ celebration/ wedding cakes. Hot pies and take away tea/coffee available along with homemade bread and scrumptious homebaking and homemade gifts.
    Highland Gifts
Victoria Buildings-Main Street
Drumnadrochit IV63 6XD
    (Continue on A82 on the left side.)  


Loch Ness Centre & Exhibition - £6.95/5.95 60+ (9-6:00)
Loch Ness
Inverness-shire IV63 6TU
Tel +44 (0) 1456 450573
A hi-tech multi-media presentation leads you through 7 themed areas and through 500 million years of history.  Using a highly effective mix of lasers, digital projection and special effects Loch Ness charts the history of the monster by exploring Scotland's geological past, its folklore and the various research projects carried out on the loch. It also reveals the discoveries of some of that research including the environmental fingerprints left in the loch's layers by both nature and mankind.
Purchased 2/21/2013

2:35 p.m.


    (After heading towards Inverness on the A82, it is on the left side of the road at The Clansman Hotel.)  
    The Loch Ness Nessie Shop & Cobbs Coffeeshop (bakery)
Brackla, Loch Ness Side, Inverness-shire IV3 8LA
Stuffed animals, t-shirts, dishclothes, pencils, mugs, plates, games, books
    (In Inverness continue on Tomnhurich St..  When the road turns left, go right on Young St. over the bridge.  Turn right again on B862 /Bank St.  After a bi,t turn right on Holm Mills Rd)  

3:00 p.m.


Inverness 16
    Holm Mills Shopping Village
Dores Road
The home of James Pringle Weavers, Inverness is an ideal location to spend an afternoon soaking up a uniquely Scottish atmosphere. Choose from a wide range of Scottish foods including delicious shortbread, sweets, traditional jams and whisky based products or try our Country Collection products which are handmade in the traditional way. This is the perfect place to buy all those holiday mementoes and they can all be selected in one building. Ladies' and men's clothes, jewellery, food and whisky (free sampling!) tartan clothing and rugs, Scottish music, books and DVDs. And if golf is your game, you must visit the golf shop. Everything that you might need from tee to green.
    (Continue right on B862. At the roundabout take the 1st left on Holm Rd/B8082. Stay on it until Culloden Rd/B9006. Take the 3rd left. Go quite a ways before you see the sign.)  

3:10 p.m.


Culloden 4


Culloden Battlefield
 NT/£10.50/8.00 (9-6)
Culloden Moor,
Inverness, Highland IV2 5EU
Visitor Center with 16 min. film, wander through a furnished old cottage and the battlegrounds -The Battle of Culloden  (April 161746) was the final clash between the French-supported Jacobites and the Hanoverian British Government in the 1745 Jacobite Rising. It was the last battle to be fought on mainland Britain. Culloden brought the Jacobite cause—to restore the House of Stuart to the throne of the Kingdom of Great Britain—to a decisive defeat.
The Jacobites — the majority of them Highland Scots, although containing significant numbers of Lowland forces — supported the claim of James Francis Edward Stuart (aka "The Old Pretender") to the throne; the government army, under the Duke of Cumberland, younger son of the Hanoverian sovereign, King George II, supported his father's cause. It too included significant numbers of Highland Scots, as well as Scottish Lowlanders and some English troops.
The aftermath of the battle was brutal and earned the victorious general the name "Butcher" Cumberland. Charles Edward Stuart eventually left Britain and went to Rome, never to attempt to take the throne again. Civil penalties were also severe. New laws attacked the Highlanders' clan system, and Highland dress was outlawed.

4:15 p.m.


    (Go back on B9006. Turn left on B9177. Go through the roundabout and go left into the A9. At Perth go right around the city and enter the M90. It will become A90 at Inverkeithing. Continue into town. At a roundabout take the A902/Maybury Rd left. Go left on Glasgow Rd/A8. Go right on A70/Dalry Rd. At the junction take A70. Take a left on Harrison Rd. Take another left on Polwarth Grove. It will become Powarth Gardens, then Gilmore Pl.)  

7:15 p.m.


Edinburgh 150
St. Regis/Braveheart Guest House £100
26 Gilmore Place
Edinburgh EH3 9N
Tel.: (+44) (0) 131 229 4057
Reserved by phone 10/22/12 with 2 Dbl and 2T



Day 5      
    (Full Scottish breakfast 8-9 a.m.-Bacon, egg & sausage • Scrambled, boiled or fried eggs • Haggis, black pudding and porridge, toast and fresh coffee or tea Orange juice / apple juice, Variety of cereals, Yogurt and Cheese spread, Wide selection of jams)  

8:30 a.m.


    (Go left/east on Gilmore Place. Turn right on Home St/Leven/A702. At the Abington roundabout go left on the M74. It will become the M6 at Gretna Green. Continue around Carlisle. At Penrith roundabout take the last/4th exit onto A66 going west. Take A591 left on Penrith Rd. Turn left on Eleventrees. Either turn right on Castle Ln or watch for signs.)  

11:30 a.m.


Castlerigg 133


Castlerigg Stone Circle
- Free NT (Open all the time)
5,000 yrs old, has 38 stones and is one of the best.
    (Go back west on Eleventrees.  Enter Penrith Rd going left on A5271.)  

12:15 p.m.


Keswick 3


    Bryson's Bakery & Tea Room
42 Main Street
Keswick, UK CA12 5JD
Fruitcake, mince, plum bread, shortbread, homemade ice cream
    (Leave Keswick on Crosthwaite Rd, then at the roundabout, head west on Cockermouth Rd/A66.  Don't take the first Newland's Valley exit, but do take the second one through Braithwaite/B5292, and follow signs up the majestic Newlands Valley.)  
1:00 p.m.   Newlands Pass- From the parking lot there is an easy hike to a little waterfall.   


Buttermere Lake Stop at Syke Farm Cafe for their authentic Buttermere Ayrshires ice cream and dip your toes in the water.    


Honister Slate Mine £9.75 (9-5)
Tour the mines, gift shop, restaurant (paninis, soup, milkshakes)
    (Circling back to Keswick past Borrowdale on B5289.)  
Bowder Stone
- 2,000 pound stone you can climb
    (Located behind the Lodore Falls Hotel near the Grange end of Derwentwater.)  
Lodore Falls
Keswick, Cumbria CA12 5UX
The falls are located on the beck that flows from Watendlath Tarn, and tumble more than 100 feet (30 m) over a steep cascade into the Borrowdale Valley. Despite that it is spectacular in the rainy season, however; it can dry to a trickle throughout summer.
    High Lodore Farm Cafe-great lunch, tea or cakes  
    (Take a hard right on B5289/Ashness Bridge, Watendlath and a steep half-mile climb on a narrow lane takes you to the postcard pretty Asness Packhorse Bridge with a parking lot on the right.  A half-mile farther up park on the left/no sign, for a great view of Derwentwater.  Return to B5289 and turn right to Keswick.)  

2:00 p.m.


Keswick 25
    (In Keswick turn right on A5271/Main St. Turn right on Chestnut Hill southeast on A591. Watch for signs to Grasmere-Pye or Swan Ln onto Broadgate.)  
2:20 p.m.


Grasmere-Has tourist shops, offering a wide range of goods, as well as art galleries, cafes and hotels and a Garden Centre, stocking a wide range of plants. 13
    Sarah Nelson's Gingerbread Shop (9:15-5:30)
Church Cottage
LA22 9SW
Grasmere, Ambleside, English Lake District, Cumbria LA22 9SW
The small picturesque building was once the Lych Gate village school, which was opened in around 1630, where Wordsworth and his wife, Mary and sister, Dorothy, once taught and his son John attended.
    St. Oswald's Church-Wordsworth’s Grave
The Church is named after St Oswald, a 7th Century Christian King of Northumberland, who is said to have preached on this site. It is the parish church of Grasmere, Rydal and Langdale, and each township has its own separate gate into the churchyard.
The 13th century nave holds several memorials, including several to the Le Fleming family of Rydal Hall, but the one most people come to see is that of William Wordsworth. The North aisle, almost as big as the nave, was added in 1490 for the residents of Langdale.
The East window is clear and gives superb views of the fells beyond. There is a statue of the Madonna and Child by Ophelia Bell, who married local artist William Heaton Cooper in this Church.
The pews are made of oak, and date from 1881. There is a glass case near the organ, containing Wordsworth’s prayer book.
The two South windows are by Henry Holiday; (above shows Jesus with Mary and Martha).
In 1850 William caught a cold on a country walk, and he died on 23 April, St George’s day, 80 years after his birth.
He and Mary who died 9 years later have a simple tombstone in the churchyard of St Oswald’s Church, now one of the most visited literary shrines in the world.
William Wordsworth planted eight of the yew trees in the churchyard, and one of them marks the grave of him and his wife Mary. Nearby are buried his sister Dorothy, his children Dora, William, Thomas and Catherine, Mary’s sister Sara Hutchinson, and other members of the family. There is also the grave of Hartley Coleridge, eldest son of Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
    (Go right on A591. When it turns to Market Pl/Lake Rd in Ambleside, then park.)  
2:45 p.m.


Ambleside 4
    Apple Pie Eating House and Bakery (9-6)
Rydal Road
LA22 9AN
    Whittakers Sweet Shop
22 Lake Road, Central Buildings
    Old Bridge House Fudge Shop
22 Lake Road
LA22 0AD
    Old Bank House Chocolates
Lake Road
LA22 0AD
    (In Ambleside continue south on A591. Turn right/west at Borrans Rd/A5095. Go left on A593 south. Take B5286 left/south. At Hawkshead go straight ahead on Main St.)  
4:00 p.m.


Hawkshead 5
    Beatrix Potter Gallery NT/ £4.80 (10:30-5 Shop and Gallery) Pay parking
Main Street
Hawkshead, LA22 0NS
Step inside this charming old building to enjoy a new exhibition of Beatrix Potter's original watercolours and paintings.  This gallery has an interesting history, as previously it was the office of Potter's husband, William Heelis. Many of the pictures here are only displayed at this location. Learn more about Beatrix as a farmer and early supporter of the National Trust.  To help celebrate Peter Rabbit's 110th birthday, our Gallery exhibition for 2012, is a fascinating look at how Peter Rabbit came about. Using a range of items from our Beatrix Potter Collection, seen together for the very first time, you can learn how Beatrix Potter brought Peter Rabbit to life and see the original art work used for the book's first privately-printed run.
    (Just around the corner.)  
    Hawkshead Trust gift shop (10-5:30)
Main St.
    (Go back to B5285 and turn right. It will go left shortly. In Sawrey turn left on Stones Lane. Parking is on the left.)  
4:45 p.m.


Sawrey 4


Hill Top Farm NT/£8.50/Garden & Shop free (house 10-5:30, shop & garden 9:45-5:45 ) House closed Fri, but garden open, free NT parking
Hawkshead, Ambleside, Cumbria LA22 0LF
Telephone: 015394 36269
The house appears as if Beatrix Potter had just stepped out for a walk. Every room contains a reference to a picture in a 'tale'. The lovely cottage garden is a haphazard mix of flowers, herbs, fruit and vegetables. Hill Top is a small house and a timed-ticket system is in operation to avoid overcrowding and to protect the interior. Hill Top can be very busy and visitors may sometimes have to wait to enter the house.
    (Continue on B5285 to the end of the road.)  
5:50 p.m.
6:10 p.m.


Windermere Ferry .50 a pedestrian/ 7.60-26ft.  (runs from 6:50 a.m. every 20 minutes until 9:50 p.m.)  


Ferry House  
    (Continue on B5285. Go left/north on A592/Lake Rd. At the junction take A5074/Crag Brow going north. Turn right on Ellerthwaite Rd. It becomes Park Pl at Woodland Rd. On the left side.)  
6:00 p.m.
6:20 p.m.


Windermere 3
  Lodge: Adam's Place Guest House £70
1 Park Avenue
Windermere, Cumbria LA23 2AR
(Booked 5/04 with Linda for £40 deposit, £100 cash on arrival, Twin & double room, street parking, breakfast at 8:30-remind Linda,
late arrival between 8-9)



Day 6      
9:00 a.m.


    (Go left/south on A5074. On the left side.)  
    Country Confection
A5074/Lake Rd-Town Centre
    (Just before the junction with A592 on the left side. By Ruskins and Mariner's Inn.)  
    Hutton of the Lake District Chocolate Shop (candy) (9-6:30)
The Arcade, Craig Bow, A592/Lake Rd.
Bowness-on-Windermere, Cumbria, LA23 3BX
    (At the junction of A5074 and A592)  
    Bryson's Bakery and Tea Room
Royal Square
Bowness-on-Windermere, Cumria,
    (On the back side/east of Royal Square.)  
    Helens Chocolates (fudge) (9-6 Mon-Sun)
Ash Street (to the right of Lake Rd/A592)
Bowness on Windermere, Cumbria, LA23 3EB
    (Go back north on A592 to A5074. When it becomes Oak Street. Go to the roundabout and take Crescent Avenue 3rd left/south)  
    Oak Street Bakery (9-4:30)
1 Oak Street
10:00 a.m.


    (Go south down Crescent back to the junction and right on Main Rd. Go east/right on A591. At a junction continue southeast on A590. Enter the M6 roundabout take the 3rd left. Take the M55 exit right/west. After it becomes the A5230 take the first roundabout left. At the next roundabout take the 3rd left continuing on A5230. Continue on Squires Gate Ln. Take Starr Gate/A584 right.)  
11:15 a.m. Arrive: Blackpool 64
  Do: Blackpool Pleasure Beach (10-6) £29.99
Ocean Boulevard
Blackpool FY41EZ
They gave me a Reference No. that we will need to show at the gate with ID: 197610.
    (Drive north to Central Pier and park.)  
  See: Central Pier  
    Blackpool Tower  
  Lodge: Colwyn Hotel
569 New South Promenade
Blackpool, Lancashire FY4 1NG
+44 1253 341024
(1 Double and 1 Twin room £135, £62.50 deposit paid, for 1  night, which includes and excellent English breakfast, free wifi and car parking.


Day 7      
9:00 a.m. Depart: Blackpool  
    (Continue east on M55. Take the M6 right/south. Take a left to go right/west on the M56. It will end on the Bypass Rd and go left on A494. Exit onto A55 going west.)  
11:30 a.m. Arrive: Conwy 120
12:00 p.m.
Beaumaris Castle (9:30-6) l/2 off with EHP/£4.50/ £3.40
Castle St
Beaumaris, Isle of Anglesey LL85 8AP
1:30 p.m.
2:00 p.m. Arrive: Conwy 25
Plas Mawr (9-5) EHP l/2 off/ Adults £5.75/£4.35
LL32 8DE
The Elizabethan townhouse was built between 1575 and 1586 for a merchant named Robert Wynne. The ornamental plasterwork, which is the house's most striking feature, carries the initials of its owner - "R W" - in several places. The gardens have also been restored by Cadw.
3:00 p.m.   Smallest House in Britain-75p (10-9)  the red painted dwelling consists of two rooms linked by a staircase and was said to have been built in the town walls to avoid paying taxes.  The house's last inhabitant was said to be a fisherman.  
4:30 p.m.


Conwy Castle (9:30-6) l/2 off with EHP/ £5.75/£4.35
LL32 8AY
Constructed by the English monarch Edward I between 1283 and 1289 as one of the key fortresses in his 'iron ring' of castles to contain the Welsh, was built to prompt such a humbling reaction.  The views from the battlements are breathtaking looking out across mountains and sea and down to the roofless shell of the castles 125ft Great Hall. It is from these battlements that visitors can best appreciate Conwy's other great glory, its ring of town wall.
From the quay, visitors may walk around the outside of the walls for the entire circuit, except at the south-western corner where they should re-enter by the Upper Gate; walk down Rosemary Lane and take the footpath beside the Catholic church to the site of Llywelyn's Hall and Tower 16; leave by the station and go through the Mill Gate. The Mill Gate led down to the king's mill on the river Gyffin, a corn mill previously belonging to the abbey. The gate is unusual in that its towers contain domestic accommodation. This part of the town, with the lodgings of the major officials and their record offices was burnt in the Owain Glyndwr revolt of 1401.
It  is possible to walk along the top of the north wall; access points are at Tower 5 and the Upper Gate. Originally there were no openings in the north wall. Even now, pierced by two roads, it is still one of the finest stretches of medieval town wall in Britain.
6:15 p.m.
6:30 p.m. Arrive: Llandudno 4




Arvon House £112
18 Arvon Avenue
Llandudno, Wales Gwynedd LL30 2DY
(£56 2-double rooms, ensuite, tea and coffeemaker, hair dryer, Breakfast 8:15-9:15- Cold Buffet Selection: Chilled Juices, Choice of Cereals, Fresh and Dried Fruits, Welsh Yoghurts, Croissants and Danish Pastries, Welsh Breakfast-, Sausage, Bacon, Tomato, Mushrooms, Choice of Eggs Fried, Poached or Scrambled, Toast and Preserves, Selection of Coffees, Teas or Hot Chocolate

Day 8      

9:00 a.m.



11:30 a.m.


Chatsworth 118


Chatsworth  (11-5:30, 4:30 last admission) £16.00/£14.00 60+ online, £2 per car. Farmyard (10:30-5:30) Garden (11-6), Parking £3.00
Bakewell, Derbyshire DE45 1PP
Farm shop (bakery, butchery, dairy, fruit, veg, deli) Gift shops 
Carriage House Restaurant (self-service restaurant, offering a wide variety of home made food and drink), Cavendish Rooms (full waitress service and a sophisticated menu designed around the art of Afternoon tea), Farm Shop Restaurant (delicious seasonal recipes using as much local produce from the farm shop as possible), Farmyard Cafe (sandwiches, cakes and a range of pasties), Flora's Temple Tea Shop (sandwiches and freshly made pasties, sausage rolls, and soup) Park Shop (hot and cold drinks, sandwiches and baguettes, and soups and homemade cakes), Mr. Darcy's house in Pride and Prejudice.
Purchased tickets 2/21/2013
2:30 p.m. Depart: Chatsworth  
4:45 p.m. Arrive: Stratford-upon-Avon 107

Nutcracker Christmas Shop
 - (10-6)
44-45 Henley Street
Stratford upon Avon CV37 6QW
Step into Christmas at The Nutcracker Christmas Shop, where you’ll find beautiful, Christmas gift ideas. As well as German wooden nutcrackers from Steinbach and Ulbricht, and traditional carved smoking men, you’ll find exquisite wooden nativity figures in little wooden nativity stables.  We have a huge range of santas, Christmas stockings, table decorations, hanging decorations for your Christmas tree, even Christmas-themed room fragrances.



    Check-out the River Festival  

Brook Lodge
192 Alcester Rd.
Stratford upon Avon, Warwickshire CV37 9DR
tel/fax +44 (0)1789 295988
One double en suite at £ 70 and one triple en suite (for two persons only) at £ 78.  Rates are inclusive of full English breakfast.



Day 9      
9:00 a.m. Depart: Stratford-upon-Avon  
    (Continue on Alcester towards town. Go right on A4390. Take the 3rd exit left at the Shipston Rd/A3400. At the next roundabout take the 2nd left B4632/Clifford Ln. After Mickleton go left on Campden Rd/B4081. Go left on Aston Rd/B4035.)  
  Arrive: Chipping Camden 15
    (Park on High Street for free and look for the Mark Hall ont he north side.)  
  See: Chipping Camden  
    Market Hall
The High Street  
Chipping Campden GL55 6AB
Built in 1627 by the 17th century Lord of the Manor, Sir Baptist Hicks.  (Look for the Hicks family coat of arms in the building’s façade.)  Back then it was elegant-even over-the-top- shopping hall for townsfolk who’d come here to buy produce.  In the 1940’s it was almost sold to an American, but the townspeople heroically raised money to buy it first, then gave it to the National Trust for its preservation.  The timbers inside are true to the original.  Study the classical Cotswold stone roof, still held together with wooden pegs nailed in from underneath.  (Tiles were cut and sold with peg holes, and stacked like waterproof scales.)  Buildings all over the region still use these stone shingles.  Today, the hall stands as a testimony to the importance of trade to medieval Campden.
    Adjacent to the Market Hall is the sober WWI monument-a reminder of the huge price paid by every little town. Walk around it, noticing how 1918 brought the greatest losses.  
    (Walk across the street.)  
    Magistrate’s Court-(Free) A meeting room in the old police courthouse. Under the open-beamed courtrooms, you'll find a humble little exhibit on the town's history.  
    (Walk west a few steps, to the Red Lion Pub. Across High Street (and a bit to the right) from the pub, look for the house with a sundial called....)  
    Greens Dragons-The house's decorative black cast-iron fixtues once held hay and functioned much like salad bowls for horses. Fine-cut stones define the door, but "rubble stones" make up the rest of the wall. The pink stones are the same limestone, but have been heated, and likely were scavenged from a house that burned down.  
    (At the Red Lion Pub, leave High Street and walk a block down Sheep St. Just past the public loo, on the right-hand side is the old...)  
    Silk Mill-The tiny Cam River powered a mill here since about 1790. Today it houses the handicraft workers guild and some interesting history. In 1902 Charles Robert Ashbee (1863-1942) revitalized this sleepy hamlet of 2,500 by bringing a troupe of London artisans and their families (160 people in all) to town. Ashbee was a leader in the romantic Arts and Crafts movement-craftspeople repulsed by the Industrial Revolution who idealized the handmade crafts and preindustrial ways. Ashbee's idealistic craftsment's guild lasted only until 1908, when most of his men grew bored with their small-town, back-to-nature ideals. Today the only shop surviving from the originals is that of silversmith David Hart. His grandfather came to town iwth Ashbee, and the workshop (upstairs in the mill building) is an amazing time warp-little changed since 1902. Mr. Hart is a gracious man as well as a fine silversmith, and he welcomes browsers six days a week.  
    (200 yards farther are some fine thatched houses, but return to High Street, turn right, and walk through town.)  
    High Street-It has changed little architecturally since 1840.  (The town’s street plan survives from the 12th century.)  Notice the harmony of the long rows of buildings.  While the street comprises different styles throughout the centuries, everything you see was made of the same Cotswold stone-the only stone allowed today.
To remain level, High Street arcs with the contour of the hillside.  Because it’s so wide, you know this was a market town.  In past centuries, livestock and packhorses laden with piles of freshly shorn fleece would fill the streets.  Campden was a sales and distribution center for the wool industry, and merchants from as far as Italy would come here for the prized raw wool.
High does not have house numbers-people know the house by their names.  In the distance, you can see the town church (where this walk ends). Notice that the power lines are buried underground, making the scene delightfully uncluttered. As you stroll High Street, you'll find the finest houses on the uphill side, which gets more sun. You'll pass several old sundials as you wander. Decorative features like the Ionic capitals near the T1 are added for non-structural touches of class. Most High Street buildings are are half-timbered, but with cosmetic stone facades. You may see some exposed half-timbered walls. Study the crudely beautiful framing, made of hand-hew oak (you can see the adze marks) and held together by wooden pegs.
Peeking down alleys, you'll notice how the lots are narrow, but very deep. Called "burgage plots", this plattting goes back to 1170. In medieval times rooms were lined up long and skinny like train cars. Each building had a small storefront, followed by a workshop, living quarters, staff quarters, stables and a pea patch type garden at the very back. Now the private alleys, that still define many of these old lots, lead to comfy gardens. While some of today's buildings are wider, virtually all of the widths are exact multiples of that basic first unit (for example, a modern building may be three times wider than its midieval counterpart).
Le Petit Croissant  
Lower High Street
Chipping Campden. Tel: 01386 841861.
French Bakery, Delicatessen, Fine Wines & Champagne
    (Hike up High Street toward the church, to just before the first intersection to find the...)  
    Grevel House- In 1367, William Grevel built what is considered Campden’s first stone house.  (on the left)  Sheep tycoons had big homes.  Imagine back then, when this fine building was surrounded by humble wattle-and-daub huts.  It had newfangled chimneys, rather than a crude hole in the roof.  (No more rain inside!)  Originally a “hall house” with just one big, tall room, it got its upper floor in the 16th century.  The finely carved central bay window is a good early example of the Perpendicular Gothic style.  The gargoyles scared away bad spirits-and served as rain spouts.  The boot scrapers outside each door were a fixture in that muddy age-especially in market towns, where the streets were filled with animal dung.  
    (Continue up High Street for about 100 yards. Go past Church Street, which we'll walk up later. ON the right, you'll find a small Gothic arch leading into a garden.)  
    Ernest Wilson Memorial Garden Free (8 until dusk)
Small and secluded, once the church’s vegetable patch, is a botanist’s delight today.  It’s filled with well-labeled plants that the Victorian botanist Ernest Wilson brought back to England from his extensive travels in Asia.  There’s a complete history of the garden on the board to the left of the entry.
    (Backtrack to Church Street. Turn left, walk past the recommended Eight Bells Inn, and hook left with the street. Along your right-hand side stretches...)  
    Baptist Hicks Land-Sprawling adjacent to the town church held Hicks’ huge estate and manor house.  This influential Lord of the Manor was from “a family of substance,” who were merchants of silk and fine clothing as well as moneylenders.  Beyond the ornate gate (wich you'll see ahead, near the church), only a few outbuildings and the charred corner of his mansion survive.  The mansion was burned by Royalists in 1645 during the Civil War-notice how Cotswold stone turns red when burned.  Hicks housed the poor, making a show of his generosity, adding a long row of almshouses (with his family coat of arms) for neighbors to see as they walked to church.  These almshouses (lining Church Street on the left) built in 1612 at a total cost of £1,000, house 6 poor men and 6 poor women.  They still house 12 pensioners today, as they have since the 17th century.  Across the road from the almshouses is a cart dip, for washing cartwheels.  
    On the right, filling the old Court Barn, is a museum about crafts and designs from the Arts and Crafts movement with works by Ashbee and his craftsmans. £3.50 Tues-Suns. 10:30-5:30.  

(Next to the Court Barn, a scenic tree-lined lane leads to the front door of the church. On the way, notice the 12 lime trees. There is one for each of the apostles. They were planted in about 1760.)

    St. James Church (10-5)
One of the finest churches in the Cotswolds, it graces one of its leading towns.  Both the town and the church were built by wood wealth.  Go inside. The church is Perpendicular Gothic, with lots of light and strong verticality.  Notice the fine vestments and altar hangings (intricate c. 1460 embroidery) behind protective blue curtains (near the back of the church).  Tombstones pave the floor-memorializing great wool merchants through the ages. 
At the altar is a brass relief of William Grevel, the first owner of the Grevel House and his wife.  In the way that Baptist Hicks dominated the town, Grevel dominates the church.  His huge, canopied tomb is the ornate final resting place for Grevel and his wife, Elizabeth.  Study their faces, framed by fancy lace ruffs (trendy in the 1620’s).  Adjacent-as if in a closet-is a statue of their daughter, Lady Juliana, and her husband, Lutheran Yokels.  Juliana commissioned the statue in 1642, when her husband died, but had it closed until she died in 1680.  Then the doors were opened, revealing these two people living happily ever after-at least in marble.  The hinges were likely only ever used once.
    (As you leave the church, look immediately around the corner to the left of the door. A small tombstone reads "Thank you Lord for Simon, a dearly loved cat who greeted everyone who entered this church RIP 1980.")  
    Food- Campden Store-across from the market and next to the T1 on High Street-food for a picnic. OR Butty's at the Old Bakehouse offers tasty sandwich and wraps made to order-cheap.  
    (Go back north on B4035/Aston Rd. Go left on B4632. At Weston Subedge go right on B4035. Outside Bengeworth/Evesham take the 3rd left at the roundabout on A46. Cross the river. On the next roundabout take the 3rd left.)  
  See: Evesham Country Park (10:30-4:30)
Evesham, Worcestershire. WR11 4TP
Applebarn Restaurant (10:30-4:30)
Carrot Cake Cafe (10:30-3:30)-Cornish Pasty Meal: A traditional steak pasty or spicy vegetable pasty served warm with mixed baby leaf salad, piccalo tomatoes, homemade coleslaw & carrot salad. £6.25
Millets Cider Corner
Millets Farm Shop
Mrs. Chill's Traditional Sweet Emporium (11-4:30)-
57 Bridge Street, Evesham. WR11 4SG
12 varieties of Fudge, largest Sweet Emporium with a range of over 350 different Sweets, 12 varieties of Fudges, Tuck Shop Sweets, Hot Pop Corn and English and Belgium chocolates.
    (Go back to the A46 and go left/east. At a roundabout take the first left on A44/Broadway Rd. Continue through the roundabout at the A44 into Broadway. Go right on High St Ignore the Broadway Tower as it is just an aristocracy ornament.)  
  See: Broadway-Filled with shops and teahouses 5
    (At the end of town go left on Snowhills Rd.)  
  See: Snowshill 2
    Snowshill Manor (11:30-4:30 Manor, 11-5 Garden, shop & restaurant, Priest's House 11-4:30) NT-first come, first serve
Snowshill, near Broadway, WR12 7JU
Charles Paget Wade’s passion for craftsmanship, colour and design began when he was just 7 years old. His motto was ‘let nothing perish’, and his life was dedicated to finding, restoring and enjoying objects of beauty, both everyday and extraordinary. He packed his treasures into the Cotswold manor house which he bought and renovated for the purpose. From tiny toys to Samurai armour, musical instruments to fine clocks, thousands of treasures are laid out just as Mr Wade intended. The manor nestles in an intimate Arts and Crafts-style terraced garden with hidden vistas and quiet corners. 
    (Go back to the main road and turn right/southeast. Turn left/northeast at B4068. Go through A429 by jogging right then left onto Sheep St. Turn left on Church St.)  
  Arrive: Stow-on-the-Wold 10
Stow-on-the-Wold, Gloucestershire GL54, UK
Start at the stocks on the Market Square where people were publically ridiculed.  3 trade routes crossed at a high point in this region. This square was the site of an Iron Age fort, then a Roman garrison town. The square hosted an internationl fair starting in 1107, and people came from Italy for the wool fleeces.  A Market Cross has stood for 500 years honoring the Lord of the Manor who donated money to his tenants to get running water in 1878. 
    (Walk past the youth hostel and White Hart Inn to the market, and cross to the other part of the square. Notice how locals seem to be a part of a tight-knot little community.)  
    For 500 years, the Market Cross stood in the market reminding all Christian merchants to "trade fairly under the sight of God". Notice the stubs of the iron fence in the concrete base-a reminder of how countless wrought-iron fences were cut down and given to the government to be melted down during WWII. Recently it was disclosed that all the iron ended up in junk heaps. The plaque on the cross honors the Lord of the Manor, who donated money back to his tenants, allowing the town to finally finance running water in 1878.  
    (Scan the square for a tipsy shop that locals call the "wonky house", next to Kings Arms. Because it tilts severely, it's a listed building-the facade is protected, but the interior is moder and level.)  
    The Kings Arms Pub, with its great gables and scary chimney, was once an inn where travelers could park their horses and spend the night.  In the 1600’s this was considered the premium “posting house” between London and Birmingham.  Today the pub cooks up some of the best food in the country. 
During the English Civil War, which pitted Parliamentarians against Royalists, Stow-on-the-Wold remained staunchly loyal to the king.  Charles I is said to have eaten at the Kings Arms before a great battle.  Because of it’s allegiance, the town has an abundance of pubs with royal names (King’s This and Queen’s That).
    The stately building in the middle of the square with the wooden steeple is St. Edwards Hall. Back in the 1870's a bank couldn't locate the owner of an account containing a small fortune, so it donated the funds to the town to build this civic center. It serves as a city hall, library, and meeting place. When it is open for an event, you can wander through and see the largest collectin of Civil War portrait paintings in England.  
    (Walk past The Kings Arms down Digbeth Street to the little triangular park located in front of the Methodist Church and across from the Royalist Hotel. This hotel, along with about 20 others, claims to be the oldest in England, dating from 947.)  
    Just beyond the small grassy triangle with benches was the place where locals gathered for bloody cockfights and bearbaiting, watching packs of hungry dogs tear at bears. Today this is where, twice a year, the Stow Horse Fair attracts nomadic Roma (Gypsies) and Irish Travelers from far and wide. They congregate down the street on the Maugersbury Road.  Locals paint a colorful picture of the Roma, Travelers and horses inundating the town.  The young women dress up because the fair also functions as a marriage market.
Greedy’s Fish and Chips – on Park Street is a favorite of the locals for take-out.
    (Hook right and hike up the wide street.)  
    As you head up Sheep Street, you'll pass a boutique filled former brewery yard ont he left. Notice it's fancy street-front office, with a striking flint facade. Sheep Street was originally not a street, but a staging place for medieval sheep markets. The sheep would be gathered here, then paraded into the market Square, down narrow alleys just wide enough for a single file of sheep to walk down, making it easier to count them. You'll see several of these "fleece alleys" as you walk up the street.  
    (Just past a fine antique bookstore-Wychwood Books, turn right onto Church Street, which leads past the best coffee shop in town-The Coffee House, and find the church. Before entering the church, circle to the back.)  

St. Edward Parish Church
- (9-6)Before entering the church, circle around it.  On the back side, a door is flanked by two ancient yew trees.  While to many it looks like the Christian “Behold, I stand at the door and knock” door, Tolkien fans see something quite different.  J.R.R. Tolkien hiked the Cotswolds and had a passion for sketching evocative trees such as this.  “Fellowship of the Ring” enthusiasts are convinced this must be the inspiration for the door into Moria.
The 15th century church has a monument honoring those lost in WWI and II.
While the church dates from Saxon times, today’s structure is from the 15th century.  Its history is played up in leaflets and plaques just inside the door.  The floor is paved with the tombs of big shots who made their money from wool and are still boastful in death.  (Find the tombs crowned with the bales of wool.)
During the Civil War (1615) more than 1,000 soldiers were imprisoned here.  The tombstone in front of the altar remembers the Royalist Captain Keyt.  His long hair, lace, and sash indicate he was a ”cavalier,” and true blue to the king (Cromwellians were called “round heads” –named for their short hair).  Study the crude provincial art-child-like skulls and (in the upper corners) symbols of his service to the king (armor, weapons).
On the right wall, a monument remembers the many boys from this small town who were lost in WWI (50 out of a population of 2,000).  There were far fewer in WWII.  The biscuit-shaped plaque (to the left) remembers an admiral from Stow who lost four sons defending the realm.  It’s sliced from an ancient fluted column (which locals believe is from Ephesus, Turkey).  While most of the windows are Victorian (19th century), the two sets high up in the clerestory are from the dreamier Pre-Raphaelite school (c. 1920).
Finally, don’t miss the kneelers, knitted by a committed band of women known as “the Kneeler Group.”  They meet every Tuesday morning at 10:30 in the Church Room to embroider, sip coffee, and enjoy a good chat.  (The vicar assures me that any tourist wanting to join them would be more than welcome.  The help would be appreciated and the company would be excellent.) 
    North's Cotswold Bakery  
    Cotswold Sweet Company (10-5:30)
1 Crossway House
The Square Stow-on-the-Wold Gloucestershire GL54 1AB
    Huffkins (8-6)
The Square
    (Continue on Market.)  
    The Original Gift Company  
    (Go round the square and out on Digbeth St.)  
    Cotswold Chocolate Company
France House

Cotswold Garden Tearooms & Garden
Digbeth St.

    The Old Bakery Tea Room
Digbeth St, 4 Fountain Court
Good scone and lunch prices
    (Continue south on Fosse Way/A429. Turn right on Copsehill Rd.)  
  Arrive: Lower Slaughter- Classic village with ducks and a charming church, water mill and an artist with an easel. 3
    (Continue up Copsehill Rd.)  
    Upper Slaughter- Walk through the yew rees (sacred in pagan days) down a lane through the raised graveyard (a buildup of centuries of graves) to the peaceful church. In the back of the graveyard the statue of a wistful woman looks over the tomb of an 18th century rector. It was sculpted by her son.  
    (Go back down Copsehill Rd. to A429. Turn right/south. Turn left on Landsdowne/High St. Park on High St. as a spot becomes available.)  
  See: Bourton-on-the-Water -Look at shops on High St., then follow the footpath across the street from the telephone booth that is east of Old New Inn towards the river.  Cross the bridge and follow the footpath by the water going west.  Cross back over to the car when you wish. 2
    (Turn left on Moore St.)  
    Danish Tearoom
Moore Road
Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucestershire GL54 2AZ
£10 per person- Includes for 2: sandwich wedges with two fillings of your choice,
two scones with clotted cream and jam, two cakes of your choice, tea or coffee OR sandwiches £4.50 and £5.50
    (Continue south on A429. At Northleach roundable take the 3rd exit left onto A40. Take A436 left. At a roundabout take the 2nd exit left on A417. At the M5 roundabout take the entrance to M5 southwest. Take a right on M4. Outside Cardiff on a roundabout take the 1st left on A4232/Pentwyn Link Rd. Take the 2nd exit at the next roundabout onto A48/Eastern west. Take the 2nd exit onto A470 left. Continue past the Castle as the road goes right. On the left side.)  
  Arrive: Cardiff 85
    Bute Dock Hotel (2010)
West Bute Street, Cardiff CF10 5LJ
    (We have an onsite car park charged at £10.00 for 24 hours, located around the back of the hotel, just off Westgate Street. This is on a first come first served basis. In the event that our car park is full, we have overflow facilities at the Cardiff Arms Park Rugby Ground just across the road from the hotel who charge the same rate.)  


The Angel Hotel £231.40
Castle Stree
Cardiff, South Glamorgan CF10 1SZ
(£76.30 per room for a twin and 2 double rooms with breakfast, AC, free wifi in rooms, refreshment tray, breakfast included)


Day 10      
9:15 a.m. Depart: Cardiff  
9:30 a.m. Arrive: Tongwynlais 4
  See: Castell Coch (9:30-5) EHP l/2 off £4.50/£3.40 Sr.
Tongwynlais, Cardiff CF15 7JS
It is a 19th-century Gothic revival built on the remains of a genuine 13th-century fortification. It is situated on a steep hillside high above the village of Tongwynlais. The ‘eccentric genius’ William Burges was given free rein by his paymaster, John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, the 3rd marquess of Bute, to create a rural retreat to complement the opulence of his main residence, Cardiff Castle. He didn’t hold back. Dazzling ceilings, over-the-top furnishings and furniture were liberally applied.
11:00 a.m. Depart: Tongwynlais  
11:15 a.m. Arrive: Caerphilly 6
Caerphilly Castle (9:30-6) l/2 off EHP/£4.75/£3.60
Castle St, Caerphilly CF83 1JD
029 2088 3143
The castle was constructed by Gilbert de Clare in the 13th century as part of his campaign to conquer Glamorgan, and saw extensive fighting between Gilbert and his descendants and the native Welsh rulers. Surrounded by extensive artificial lakes - considered by historian Allen Brown to be "the most elaborate water defences in all Britain" - it occupies around 30 acres and is the second largest castle in Britain. It is famous for having introduced concentric castle defences to Britain and for its large gatehouses.
12:45 p.m. Depart: Caerphilly  
    (Go back north on Castle/Market St. At the roundabout take the 1st left on B4600/Nantgawr. At the roundabout take the 1st left on A469. Go through the M4. At a roundabout continue onto A470/North St. Go left on A4161/Blvd de Nantes. Go right on A4160/Fitzalan Pl. Continue on through the next set of traffice lights and then bear right, passing the fire station. Turn left at the traffice lights onto A4234/Central Link Rd. Keep in the left lane over the flyover until reaching the roundabout. At the roundabout, take the 1st exit, towards Docks/Cardiff Bay/Capital Waterside and follow the road to the traffice ligfhts (Pierhead Street, apartment blocks and water ahead, 1 Capian Point to your right). At the traffic lights at 1 Caspian Point turn right onto Pierhead St. Get into the right hand filter lane and turn right at the traffic lights onto Caspian Way. At the mini roundabout, take the 1st exit onto the Waterside Car Park entrance approach.)  
1:00 p.m. Arrive: Cardiff 10
    (Go back on Pierhead. Turn left on Caspian Way. At the roundabout take the 2nd left on A4234/Central Link. Continue to A4160/Adams Way and turn right. Go left on Fitzalan Pl. Go left on Newport Rd/A4161. It will become Dumfries, Stuttgarter Strasse and Blvd De Nantes and will turns right, then left. Turn left on North Rd/A4161. It will go right on Castle. Hotel will be on the left side. )  
1:15 p.m.   Cardiff Castle (9-6) £11/£9.50 Sr
Castle Street
CF10 3RB
is a medieval castle and Victorian Gothic revival mansion. The original motte and bailey castle was built in the late 11th century by Norman invaders on top of a 3rd-century Roman fort. The castle was commissioned by either William the Conqueror or by Robert Fitzhamon, and formed the heart of the medieval town of Cardiff and the Marcher Lord territory of Glamorgan. In the 12th century, the castle began to be rebuilt in stone, probably by Robert of Gloucester, with a shell keep and substantial defensive walls being erected. Further work was conducted in the second half of the 13th century. Cardiff Castle was repeatedly involved in the conflicts between the Anglo-Normans and the Welsh, being attacked several times in the 12th century, and stormed in 1404 during the Owain Glyndwr rebellion.

After being held by the de Clare and Despenser families for several centuries, Richard de Beauchamp acquired the castle in 1423. Richard conducted extensive work at the castle, founding the main range on the west side of the castle, dominated by a tall, octagonal tower. Following the Wars of the Roses, the status of the castle as a Marcher territory was revoked and its military significance began to decline. The Herbert family took over the property in 1550, remodelling parts of the main range and carrying out construction work in the outer bailey, then occupied by Cardiff's Shire Hall and other buildings. During the English Civil War, Cardiff Castle was initially taken by Parliamentary force, but was regained by Royalist supporters in 1645. When fighting broke out again in 1648, a Royalist army attacked Cardiff in a bid to regain the castle, leading to the battle of St. Fagans just outside the city. Cardiff Castle escaped potential destruction by Parliament after the war and was instead garrisoned to protect against a possible Scottish invasion.

In the mid-18th century, Cardiff Castle passed into the hands of the Marquesses of Bute. John Stuart, the first Marquess, employed Capability Brown and henry Holland to renovate the main range, turning it into a Georgian mansion, and to landscape the castle grounds, demolishing many of the older medieval buildings and walls. During the first half of the 19th century, the family became extremely wealthy as a result of the growth of the coal industry in Glamorgan. The third Marquess, John Crichton-Stuart, used this to back an extensive programme of renovations under William Burges. Burges remodelled the castle in a medieval Gothic revival style, lavishing money and attention on the main range. The resulting interior designs are considered by historian Megan Aldrich to be amongst "the most magnificent that the gothic revival ever achieved".The grounds were re-landscaped and, following the discovery of the old Roman remains, reconstructed walls and a gatehouse in a Roman style were incorporated into the castle design. Extensive landscaped parks were built around the outside of the castle.

In the early 20th century, the fourth Marquess, John, inherited the castle and construction work continued into the 1920s. The Bute lands and commercial interests around Cardiff were sold off or nationalised during the period until, by the time of the Second World War, almost only the castle remained. During the war, extensive air raid shelters were built in the castle walls, able to hold up to 1,800 people. When the Marquess died in 1947, the castle was given to the city of Cardiff. Today the castle is run as a tourist attraction, with the grounds housing the "Firing Line" regimental museum and interpretation centre. The castle has also served as a venue for events, including musical performances and festivals.

The Angel Hotel £290.20
Castle Stree
Cardiff, South Glamorgan CF10 1SZ
(£76.30 per room for a twin and 2 double rooms with breakfast, AC, free wifi in rooms, refreshment tray, breakfast included)


Day 11      
9:00 a.m. Depart: Cardiff  

10:30 a.m.


Glastonbury 75


Glastonbury Abbey (9-8) £6.00/ £5.00
Outdoor Summer Cafe and Gift Shop
Abbey Gatehouse  Magdalene St
Glastonbury BA6 9EL
The Norman betterment of the Abbey was extensive. In 1086, when the Domesday Book was commissioned to provide records and a census of life in England, Glastonbury Abbey was the richest monastery in the country.  The great Norman structures were consumed by fire in 1184 when many of the ancient treasures were destroyed. One story goes, that in order to raise extra funds from pilgrims to rebuild the abbey the monks, in 1191, dug to find King Arthur and his Queen Guinevere; and bones from two bodies were raised from a deep grave in, the cemetery on the south side of the Lady Chapel. These bones were reburied, much later, in 1278 within the Abbey Church, in a black marble tomb, in the presence of King Edward I.  The monks reconsecrated the a newly built Great Church and began services there on Christmas Day, 1213, most likely before it was entirely completed.  In the 14th century, as the head of the second wealthiest Abbey in Britain (behind Westminster Abbey), the Abbot of Glastonbury lived in considerable splendour and wielded tremendous power. The main surviving example of this power and wealth is to be found in the Abbey kitchen - part of the magnificent Abbot's house begun by John de Breynton (1334-42).  By 1541 King Henry VIII destroyed the abbey.
Then 2000 years ago Joseph of Arimathea (Christs uncle) is supposed to have brought the young Jesus here. On Joseph's second visit, after Christs death, he built the first Christian church, at Glastonbury Abbey, appointing twelve Christian hermits to look after it. St Patrick and St David are said to have come here too and later still King Arthur; who is reputedly buried here.

Arthur was the legendary English King - 'Arthur of the Britons', before Saxon times. He was born out of wedlock and raised by wizard Merlin. When only a boy, after many men had tried and failed, Arthur gained the throne by withdrawing the magic sword Excalibur from a stone. The nearby Cadbury Castle, at North Cadbury supposedly became his 'Camelot'. After his many exploits and stories concerning his Knights, the Round Table and the Holy Grail, he was wounded by Mordred at the battle of Camlan. This was around the year 542 and he was then taken across the water to the Isle of Avalon for his wounds to be healed. Glastonbury would indeed still have been an island at that time, so it was quite possible for a boat to bring him to the only place where any medical attention was available, which would have been at a monastery - Glastonbury Abbey. Arthur was mortally wounded however and it is said he was buried in the cemetery on the south side of the Lady Chapel, at Glastonbury Abbey. He was buried between two stone pyramids and at great depth.  Centuries later (in 1191) prompted by hints and rumours, the monks excavated this same spot in the cemetery and they dug down sixteen feet, to find an oaken coffin. At a depth of seven feet they found a stone beneath which was a leaden cross with an inscription His iacet inclitus Arturius in insula Avalonia - variously interpreted to read 'Here lies King Arthur buried in Avalon'! The coffin contained two bodies - a great man and a woman, whose golden hair was still intact, until touched, when it crumbled away. The bodies were explained as Arthurs and Guineveres.  A century later in 1278 the bones were placed in caskets and transferred during a state visit by King Edward 1, to a black marble tomb before the High Altar in the great Abbey Church. There they remained until the Abbey was vandalised after the dissolution in 1539. No one has seen, or heard anything of them since.
    Parking at Glastonbury Tor, OS ST375557: fee paying parking at the Rural Life Museum (not National Trust), pay & display parking in Magdalene Street (not National Trust) There is public parking is generally available at the nearby Rural Life Museum in Bere Lane. As of 5 November 2012 the Rural Life Museum are charging for parking: £1.00 for 2 hours, £2 for All Day.  
Glastonbury Tor Free NT (dawn to dusk)

12:30 p.m.


1:50 p.m. Arrive: Avebury 51
    Avebury and Alexander Keiller Museum & Shops  NT/ £4.40 (10-6)
Beckhampton Road
Avebury, Wiltshire SN8 1RF

Free parking, 500yds, - Stone circle which is 16 times bigger than Stonehenge.  Circle Restaurant & Shop (10-5:30)
5:00 p.m. Depart: Avebury  
6:00 p.m. Arrive: Oxford 48

The Falcon B&B £130.00
88/90 Abingdon Road
Oxford OX1 4PX
T: 01865 511122 
(Check-in 1-10 p.m., parking, ensuite, Full English or Vegetarian breakfast)



Day 12      
9:00 a.m. Depart: B&B  
    (Go south on Abingdon Rd to the park and ride on the right side of the road, just before the A423. £2 parking fee.)  
  Do: Redbridge Bus 300 Pay £ £2.40 roundtrip.  It runs every 8-10 minutes.  
    (Get off at the Police Station stop. Walk right/north on St Aldates. Cross the street where you can. It is just south of Christ Church, across the street.)   
9:20 a.m. Arrive: Police Station stop  
Oxford Walking Tour  
    (Walk right/north on St Aldates. Cross the street where you can. It is just south of Christ Church, across the street.)   
9:30 a.m.
Alice's Shop- (9:30-6:30 Drawn by Sir John Tenniel as "the old sheep shop" in 'Alice Through the Looking Glass'  
    (Now continue left/north on St. Aldates to the northwest corner of Queen/High St. Pause for a moment. In front of you is Carfax Tower, so-called from the French “carrefour,” meaning crossroads. In contrast with the quiet Queen’s Lane, this area is one of the busiest places in Oxford.)  
10:00 a.m.   Carfax Tower £2.30 (10-5:30) In 1818 St Martin's church was rebuilt complete with tower, however towards the end of the 19th century, mounting traffic problems necessitated road widening. The church, apart from it's tower, was demolished in 1896. The tower is all that remains today. On the east facade the church clock is adorned by two "quarter boys", who hit the bells at every "quarter" of the hour.It is 23 m (74 ft) tall and still contains a ring of six bells, recast from the original five by Richard Keene of Woodstock in 1676. These chime the quarter hours and are rung on special occasions by the Oxford Society of Change Ringers.
It is possible to climb to the top of the tower for a good view of the Oxford skyline.
    (Go back down/south to St. Aldates. Cross the street when you can.)  
11:00 a.m.  
Christ Church College
-£15.00/13.00 Behind the Scenes guided tour 11 a.m. and 2 p.m. Mon-Sat. (9-5 p.m. Mon-Sat, 2-5 Sun) Shop 10-5 Harry Potter scenes-Christ Church was originally founded by Cardinal Wolsey as Cardinal's College in 1524 and re-endowed in 1546 by King Henry VIII.  The famous ‘Tom Tower’ was designed by Sir Christopher Wren and houses the 7 ton ‘Great Tom’ bell, taken from the 12th century Osney Abbey.  The bell tolls 101 times every night at 9:05 (9 p.m. Oxford local time), originally to sound curfew for college members.  The college and cathedral are open to visitors every day.  The Memorial Gardens are surrounded by Christ Church Meadow, running down to the rivers Thames to the South and Cherwell to the East.  Entry to the gardens and meadows is free. £1.00-brochure
Visit the hidden Christ Church. With access to private gardens, our 'Behind the scenes tours' allow  visitors unique access to the College's history, its architecture, student life, scenes associated with the world of Lewis Carroll and of course, the Harry Potter films. It includes the Masters, Pocock and Cathedral Gardens, Tom Quad and Hall. Following the tour you will have an opportunity to explore the public areas of Christ Church in your own time.To guarantee a guide, please make an advance booking.  Cathedral Shop (10-5)
    (Walk on the path on the right side of Christ Church College. Continue past the Chapter House and take the first turning on your left, following the path between a stone wall and some low iron railings. To your right, you will see the tower of Magdalen college in the distance. At the end of the path, you will have to squeeze yourself through a tortuous wrought iron gate, cunningly designed to prevent cycles being brought into the meadows! You will now be rewarded with a stunning view of Merton College tower, rising majestically above the trees on your right. Pass through yet another set of iron gates at the end of the path and you will emerge into Merton Street - 'an architectural treasure house, one of the densest assemblages of  historic buildings in the world' in the words of Bill Bryson, the travel writer. Emerging from the gate onto Merton Street, turn left towards Christ Church's Canterbury Gate, passing Corpus Christi College on your left. Corpus is Oxford's smallest college. Legend has it that the benefactor, who sadly went blind before the college was completed, was lead around the front quad three times to give the impression that the college was much larger than it is. You may not have time to visit, but it is worth peering in through the lodge to catch a glimpse of the unusual sundial. Follow the road round to the right into the colourful Oriel Square. The college on the right of the square is Oriel College, famous for rowing and rugby and for being the last Oxford college to admit women. Continue past Oriel and, keeping to the right hand side of the square, take Oriel Street eventually emerging onto the High Street opposite St Mary's Church. Ccross the High Street at the pedestrian crossing.)  
The University Church of St. Mary the Virgin
 (9:30-6, Sun 11:45-6) The Tower £4/£3 The University Church has been in existence since the late 13th century. In the early days of the University, the Church was a centre of administration and teaching, with the side chapels acting as lecture theatres where students studied mainly Theology. In 1556, it hosted the trial of the protestant Bishops Ridley, Cranmer and Latimer. The 'Oxford Martyrs' where subsequently burnt at the stake for heresy by the Catholic Queen of England, Bloody Mary. The Church is open every day and visitors can climb up the 127 stairs to the top of the spire to get another classic aerial view of Radcliffe Square and the spires of Oxford. Entrance to the church and spire is via Radcliffe Square.  The Church Guide Book indicates the major buildings to be seen. Gift Shop C.S. Lewis delivered his famous war-time sermon, “The Weight of Glory” here.
    (Across the street.)  

University College. It was here that the young C.S. Lewis arrived on April 26, 1917 to begin his academic studies as an undergraduate.

His rooms were on staircase XII, Room 5 of the Radcliffe Quad. When the young Lewis interrupted his studies to join the army, he had the good fortune to stay in Oxford and train at Keble College. He often would return to University College (known as “Univ.”) for weekends.
C.S. Lewis in a letter of July, 1917:

“You can’t imagine how I have come to love Univ., especially since I left. Last Saturday evening when I was sleeping alone, I spent a long time wandering over it, into all sorts of parts where I had never been before, where the mullioned windows are dark with ivy that no one has bothered to cut since the war emptied the rooms they belong to.”

Lewis was to take a double first in Literae Humaniores (more commonly known as “Classics”); he completed his studies with a first in English in 1923.


Continue down High St going east/left. You will immediately find the Examination Schools on your right. Here and in other venues, Lewis, Tolkien and Williams presented their lectures to Oxford students.

C.S. Lewis in a letter of February 1940:

“On Monday Charles Williams lectured, nominally on [Milton's] Comus but really on Chastity. Simply as criticism it was superb-because here was a man who really cared with every fibre of his being about “The sage and the serious doctrine of virginity” which it would never occur to the ordinary modern reader to take seriously.”


Continue east along the High until you reach the Eastgate Hotel, which is on the corner of Merton Street. Since Tolkien was a Fellow of Merton College and Lewis of Magdalen College, the Eastgate was a convenient place for them to meet.

C.S. Lewis in a letter to his brother, November 1939:

” On Thursday we had a meeting of the Inklings — you and Coghill both absent unfortunately. We dined at the Eastgate. I have never in my life seen Dyson so exuberant — “A roaring cataract of nonsense.”

    (Continue down High St to the entrance of Magdalen. There is a small fee for visiting. It is highly recommended that you pay a little more for the guided tour. These tours are generally given by current students who can often take you into areas to which you would otherwise not be allowed. We also recommend that you purchase one of the guidebooks. It will give valuable information on Magdalen College. Allow at least 45 minutes to visit the college.)  
Magdalen College
- (12-7 Mon-Sun)Adults £5.00/seniors, children, students £4.00 C.S. Lewis taught here from 1925-1954. 
Lunch: The Old Kitchen is open from 12 noon to 5.30pm daily for light lunches and afternoon teas from Sunday 4 July to Friday 1 October inclusive and offers a range of light lunches and snacks.
The New Building: Dating from 1735 (hence “New!”), this imposing building provided C.S. Lewis with a beautifully situated suite of rooms. They were on the second floor (first floor by English reckoning), near the middle. The two windows directly to the right of the protruding center section, above the wisteria, were Lewis’. It was here that Lewis was converted to a belief in God (theism).From Surprised by Joy, by C.S. Lewis:

“You must picture me alone in that room in Magdalen, night after night, feeling, whenever my mind lifted even for a second from my work, the steady unrelenting approach of Him whom I so earnestly desired not to meet. That which I greatly feared had at last come upon me. In Trinity Term of 1929 I gave in and admitted that God was God, and knelt and prayed: perhaps that night, the most dejected and reluctant convert in all of England.”

 Addison’s Walk: Named after the great English man of letters and graduate of Magdalen, Joseph Addison, this was a favourite walking place for Lewis and his friends.From They Stand Together: The Letters of C.S. Lewis to Arthur Greeves:

” September 1931 He [Hugo Dyson] stayed the night with me in College… Tolkien came too, and did not leave till 3 in the morning… We began (in Addison’s Walk just after dinner) on metaphor and myth – interrupted by a rush of wind which came so suddenly on the still warm evening and sent so many leaves pattering down that we thought it was raining….

We continued on Christianity: a good long satisfying talk in which I learned a lot….

October 1931 Now what Dyson and Tolkien showed me was this: that if I met the idea of sacrifice in a Pagan story I didn’t mind it at all: and again, that if I met the idea of god sacrificing himself to himself…. I liked it very much… provided I met it anywhere except in the Gospels… Now the story of Christ is simply a true myth: a myth working on us in the same way as the others, but with tremendous difference that it really happened…. Does this amount to a belief in Christianity? At any rate I am now certain (a) that this Christian story is to be approached, in a sense, as I approach the other myths; (b) that it is the most important and full of meaning. I am also nearly sure that it happened…. “

Deer Park: The deer in this special reserve are kept as part of the Magdalen College grounds. Once a year one of these magnificent beasts has the great honor of becoming the feast for Magdalen College and its guests. From C.S. Lewis's Letters:

” My big sitting room looks north and from it I can see nothing, not even a gable or a spire, to remind me that I am in town. I look down on a stretch of ground which passes into a grove of immemorial forest trees, at present coloured autumn red. Over it stray deer. They are erratic in their habits. Some mornings when I look out there will be half a dozen chewing the cud just underneath me, and on others there will be none in sight — or a little stag (not much bigger than a calf and looking too slender for the weight of his antlers) standing and sending through the fog that queer little bark which is these beasts’ “moo.” It is a sound that will be as familiar to me as the cough of the cows in the field at home for I hear it day and night.”

The Hall (included on guided tour only): Notice the fine woodwork of the screen. It dates from the end of the reign of Elizabeth I or the beginning of James I.

The Chapel: After Lewis’ conversion to Christianity in 1931, he used to attend weekday services in the College chapel.
    After completing your tour of Magdalen College, step out of the Porter’s Lodge and cross the road. In front of you is the Botanic Garden, open to the public. This is the oldest garden of its kind in England and contains many rare and interesting specimens. It is built on an ancient Jewish burial-ground as is Magdalen College.  
    (Turn left and walk past the entrance of Magdalen College on to the center of Magdalen Bridge, which spans the River Cherwell. As you turn to face Magdalen College, you will find one of the most beautiful sights in all of Oxford, the glorious Magdalen Tower. Built between 1490 and 1510, it is more than 150 feet high. Walk to the bridge. Looking down from the bridge, over the parapet, you will very likely see a number of punts on the Cherwell River. This is a great place to rent a punt for an afternoon on the slow-moving river. Turn around and go back down High St. Turn right on Longwall St.)  
    (You are now in St. Cross/Longwall Street. On your right, you will find a substantial section of the old city wall. Behind that wall is the Magdalen College Grove with its unique deer park.)  
    (Go past Holywell and Jewett Walk.)  
    There you will see one of Oxford’s forgotten treasures, St. Cross Parish Church. Built on an ancient foundation as the parish church of the Holywell Manor, the chancel arch of the Church of St. Cross dates from the mid-12th Century. It is the setting of the wedding between Harriet Vane and Lord Peter Wimsey in Dorothy L. Sayers’ mystery, Busman’s Honeymoon.  
    Make sure you take time to visit the adjoining St. Cross Cemetery. As you enter, notice a small map that will lead you to the graves of Hugo Dyson, Austin Farrer and Charles Williams, all members of Lewis’s circle of friends. Also you can find the resting place of Kenneth Grahame, author of the classic children’s book, The Wind in the Willows.  
    (Turn around and walk back to Jowett Walk on the right, just past Holywell Cottage. (Benjamin Jowett was a famous 19th Century Oxford figure and Master of Balliol College). Proceed to the end of Jowett Walk. Turn left on Mansfield.)  
    (Just as you come to Holywell St look left at the last house. It was here that Lewis spent his first night in Oxford in December 1916.)

“My first taste of Oxford was comical enough. I had made no arrangements about quarters and, having no more luggage than I could carry in my hand, I sallied out of the railway station on foot to find either a lodging-house or a cheap hotel; all agog for “dreaming spires” and “last enchantments.” My first disappointment at what I saw could be dealt with. Towns always show their worst face to the railway. But as I walked on and on I became more bewildered. Could this succession of mean shops really be Oxford? But I still went on, always expecting the next turn to reveal the beauties, and reflecting that it was a much larger town than I had been led to suppose.

Only when it became obvious that there was very little town left ahead of me, that I was in fact getting to open country, did I turn round and look. There behind me, far away, never more beautiful since, was the fabled cluster of spires and towers. I had come out of the station on the wrong side and been all this time walking into what was even then the mean and sprawling suburb of Botley. I did not see to what extent this little adventure was an allegory of my whole life. I merely walked back to the station, somewhat footsore, took a hansom, and asked to be driven to “some place where I can get rooms for a week, please.”

The method, which I should now think hazardous, was a complete success, and I was soon at tea in comfortable surroundings. The house is still there, the first on the right as you turn into Mansfield Road out of Holywell. I shared the sitting room with another candidate, a man from Cardiff College, which he pronounced to be architecturally superior to anything in Oxford. His learning terrified me, but he was an agreeable man. I have never seen him since.”

    (Turn right on Holywell going west. It will become Broad St.)  
  See: Check out the world-famous Blackwell’s Bookshop on Broad Street, directly across the street from the Sheldonian, Oxford’s most illustrious meeting hall designed by Christopher Wren. (You’ll love Blackwell’s!)  
    When facing Blackwell’s you will notice a tiny pub on your left. The White Horse, which seems almost part of the shop. A short distance to your right, beyond the traffic lights and on the corner, you’ll see The King’s Arms pub. Humphrey Carpenter, in his excellent book, The Inklings, reports that Lewis and his friends used to meet in these two pubs during the war (and at the Mitre on the High Street) because of a beer shortage “caused largely by thirsty American troops waiting for D-Day.” The shortage meant that the Inklings could not always rely on their favourite haunt, The Eagle and Child (also known as “The Bird and Baby”) to provide refreshment.  
    On Holywell Street, notice the Holywell Music Room across the street. Built in the 1740′s, it is the oldest surviving building in Europe designed exclusively for concerts.  
    (Go back to Parks/Catte St. Turn right to New College Lane.)  
    Bridge of Sighs- The bridge is often referred to as the Bridge of Sighs because of its supposed similarity to the famous Bridge of Sighs in Venice. However, Hertford Bridge was never intended to be a replica of the Venetian bridge, and indeed it bears a closer resemblance to the Rialto Bridge in the same city. There is a false legend saying that many decades ago, a survey of the health of students was taken, and as Hertford College's students were the heaviest, the college closed off the bridge to force them to take the stairs, giving them extra exercise. However, if the bridge is not used, the students actually climb fewer stairs than if they do use the bridge. The bridge links together the Old and New Quandrangels of Hertford College (to the south and the north respectively), and much of its current architecture was designed by Sir Thomas Jackson. It was completed in 1914, despite its construction being opposed by New College. The building on the southern side of the bridge houses the College's administrative offices, whereas the northern building is mostly student accommodation. The bridge is always open to members of the College, who can often be seen crossing it.  
    (Go left/south on Catte St. On the right is the Old Bodleian Library ticket office. You can stroll through the two quadrangles when the library is open (most weekdays and Saturday morning)  
The Old Schools Quadrangle
 -The Bodleian Library was founded by Thomas Bodley in 1598. Today the collection comprises 6.5 million documents occupying 169Km (105 miles) of shelving space in 10 buildings located throughout Oxford. Much of the collection is kept in a network of tunnels running under Broad Street. The Old Schools Quadrangle is the oldest part of the library and the names of the original faculties are written above the doors in gold lettering (and, of course, in Latin). C.S. Lewis spent many hours reading and studying here. The Tower of Five Orders is so named because it is ornamented with columns of each of the five orders of classical architecture - Doric, Tuscan, Ionic, Corinthian and Composite.  The Divinity School and Duke Humphry Reading Room are open to the public. The entrance is found next to the statue of the Earl of Pembroke in the second quad. The Duke Humphry Reading Room housed the University's first great collection, founded in 1310 but sadly dispersed by 1556.
Mini-Tour: Monday to Saturday: 3:30, 4:00 & 4:40, Sunday: 12:30, 13:30, 15:30  £5.00  30 minutes
Explore the Divinity School, built in 1488 for the teaching of theology. With its elaborately vaulted ceiling and its 455 carved bosses, it is a masterpiece of English Gothic architecture.  Visit Duke Humfrey's mediaeval library,still in use today, but where generations of famous scholars have studied through the ages. These former readers, or users of the Library, include five kings, 40 Nobel Prize winners, 25 British Prime Ministers and writers such as Oscar Wilde, C S Lewis and J R R Tolkien.
    (Continue on Catte St. You will soon emerge into the magnificent Radcliffe Square. To your left, on the East side of the square, is the exclusive All Souls college. Peer through the imposing iron gates at the front quad with its elegant twin towers, designed by the architect Nicholas Hawksmoor in the 18th century. Facing the square from these gates you will see the University Church to your left, the Bodleian library to your right and Brasenose college on the opposite side. But the crowning glory of the square is undoubtedly the domed Radcliffe Camera at the centre. )   
Radcliffe Square and the Radcliffe Camera
- (9-7 p.m. M-F, Sat 10-4 Upper & Lower Camera)The circular dome and drum of the Radcliffe Camera is one of the most distinctive landmarks in a city full of distinctive buildings. The camera (the word means simply "room") was built 1737-1749 with £40,000 bequeathed by Dr John Radcliffe, the royal physician.
The Radcliffe Camera was intended to house a new library, and designs were called for from several leading architects, including Nicholas Hawksmoor (responsible for much of All Soul's College) and James Gibbs.
It was Gibbs who won the competition, with his elegant Palladian design, though his final plans drew heavily on earlier work by Hawksmoor. Gibbs was also responsible for the Church of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, in Trafalgar Square, London.
Originally the library in the Radcliffe Camera held both scientific and general books, but those collections were gradually moved to other University libraries, so that today the Camera functions as the main reading room of the Bodleian Library. The finished building holds some 600,000 books in underground rooms beneath Radcliffe Square.
Sadly, the Radcliffe Camera is not open to the public.
    (Follow Catte St south to High St. Turn right and then immediately left on Magpie Ln path. Go left on Merton.)  
Merton College
 (10-4) £2 (2-5 Mon-Fri, 10-5 Sat, Sun) Founded by Walter de Merton in 1264, Merton is one of the three oldest colleges in Oxford. The central quad (Mob Quad) contains the oldest library in the country, which houses a selection of precious medieval manuscripts - so precious, in fact, that they are chained to the walls!  Walter de Merton's conception of a self-governing community of scholars, with its own statutes and endowment, residing in buildings laid out in staircases and quadrangles, created a model and precedent for Oxford and Cambridge colleges founded in the succeeding centuries.  Picturesque Merton Street was home to many of the 11th Century Academic Houses that existed before the colleges came into existence. Today it boasts some of Oxford's most beautiful architecture, including the colleges Merton and Corpus Christi and the grand Canterbury Gate entrance to Christ Church.
JRR Tolkien, the author of The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit, was Merton Professor of English Language and Literature from 1945 to 1959.
    (Go back left on Merton. At the end of the street, before the path begins, go left at Corpus Christi College. Walk to the end of Merton Field. Turn right on the next path. Watch out for another path on the left. This goes to the Thames River for a great view of the houseboats. At the river turn right and follow it to a short road that ends at St. Aldates. Turn right to the to the St. Aldate's Police Station to catch the bus.)  
4:00 p.m. Depart: Oxford  
5:00 p.m. Arrive: Northampton 44
6:00 p.m. Arrive: Cambridge 55
    Cambridge City Cemetery across the street  
Leverton House B&B £140.00
732 Newmarket Rd  
Cambridge CB5 8RS
(-£28.84 deposit, owe -£112.00, family ensuite, King and 2 Twins, breakfast 7-9, Full Breakfast: Grilled Back Bacon, Newmarket Sausage, Tomato, Mushroom, Baked Beans, Egg (fried, poached or scrambled)), Continental Breakfast: Croissants with conserves, or pain au chocolat or croissants with ham and cheese, Natural yogurt or fruit yogurt and fruit. Vegetarian Breakfast:Mushroom, Grilled Tomato, Baked Beans, Eggs (fried, poached, scrambled or omelette). Pancakes served with fresh lemon & sugar or maple syrup, fruit or nutella


Day 13      
    (Go back west on A1303 towards town. Turn left on A1134. Continue on A1134 through the roundabout. Turn right/west on Mill Rd. Just past Hope St. Continue west on Mill Rd. Go left/south on Gonville Pl by Parkers Piece. It will become Lensfield Rd. After the park turn right on Tennis Court Rd. Go right on Pembroke St. Turn left on Corn Exchange to the car park.)  
    Grand Arcade Car Park
Corn Exchange Street
Cambridge CB2 3QJ
£10 for 4 hours- 8 a.m.-5 p.m.
Continue on Corn Exchange. Jog right onto Guildhall St. Turn right on Petty Curry.)
9:20 p.m. See: Cambridge  
    Thornton Candy Store
20 Petty Curry
    Hotel Chocolat Stores
3 Petty Curry
Cambridge CB2 3NE
    (Go back down Petty Cury to Guildhall. Go left, then right on Benet.)  
    Eagle Pub- Originally opened in 1667, as the ‘Eagle and Child’. Oldest pub. Thus it became the place where Francis Crick interrupted patrons' lunchtime on 28 February 1953 to announce that he and James Watson had "discovered the secret of life" after they had come up with their proposal for the structure of DNA. The anecdote is related in Watson's book The Double Helix and commemorated on a blue plaque next to the entrance. Today the pub serves a special ale to commemorate the discovery. Look at the famous Raf ceiling which boasts signatures of Raf pilots from all over the world who returned from the 2 world war and signed their names on the ceiling using only cigarette lighters, candle smoke and lip stick or chill out in our gorgeous cottage style outside eating area. Poke your head into the courtyard to learn about its dynamic history, if even if you don't eat or drink. The 2nd floor windows were once guest rooms, back when this was a coachman's inn. Notice that the window on the right end is open. Ask someone why.  
    (Go across the street.)  
    St. Benet's Church-This ancient parish church is an Anglo-Saxon foundation dating from around 1020, when Canute was King of England.  It is dedicated to St Benedict and has been a place of Christian worship for nearly a thousand years. In 1352 the Guild of Corpus Christi, based at this church, founded Corpus Christi College.

It is likely that the tower was built to contain bells from the beginning, but the earliest record of bells in the tower dates to the 13th century - by which time the bell of St Bene’t’s was used to summon students to special lectures and to examinations. The Rector, Alan, complained about this in 1273, but was persuaded by the Bishop of Ely to permit the bell to be used 'in a civil and honest way'. Thereafter the parish clerk was paid an annual fee of six shillings and eightpence for such ringing. It is likely that there was more than one bell in the tower so it may have possessed a peal of four bells; the tenor was the best bell in town. For many years after that, St Bene’t's bells were used for summoning to 'ye schooles ... acts, clearums, congregations, lecturs, disses, and such like' according to a receipt for the six shillings and eightpence dated 1624. In 1553 there were 'thre great Belles and one Sanctus Bell', but by 1650 they were 'much out of frame and almost become uselesse'. In 1655 the churchwardens appealed for money to repair the bells. The University gave thirty shillings, with the caveat that it was a free gift, not to be regarded as setting a precedent. Corpus Christi College also gave money. Circular holes in the bell tower were to allow owls to roost and keep the mouse population down.

    (On the right side of the street.)  
    King's Parade- It is where everyone gathers.  
    (Walk back across the street and left to the corner.)  
    Corpus Clock- Unveiled in 2008. It uses concentric golden dials with blue LED lights to tell the time, but it's precise only every five minutes. It's irregular timekeeping mimics the unpredictability of life. A giant grasshopper keeps the clock moving and periodically winks at passersby.  
    (Turn right on King's Parade. On the left enter through the gate house at the front.)  
    King's College Chapel-£7.50/£5.00 (special event, so closed until 2, open 2-4:30)Built from 1446 to 1515 by Henrys VI through VIII is England's best example of perpendicular Gothic. Shop 9:30-5:30 No flash photography, but regular is fine.
(See Rick Steve's book.)
    (Continue left/north on King's Parade, right side.)  
    Jim Garrahys Fudge Kitchen (10-6)
11 King's Parade
    Great St. Mary's Church (10-4:30) Free
Climbing bell tower £3.50/£2.80 123 steps
When you visit Great St Mary’s you will stand in a place visited by Richard III,  Elizabeth I, Cardinal Wolsey, Oliver Cromwell and countless others who have had their moment in history and moved on.  From the pulpit, Reformers like Martin Bucer spoke; he so compellingly that even in deadly repose he was considered enough of a threat that Queen Mary Tudor had his already dead body burned in the marketplace.  But he remains in Great St Mary’s and so do his works.
    (Behind the church.)  
    Cambridge Market Square-From Mon. to Sat. 10am to 4pm, stalls at the general market sell a wide range of goods including books, music, films, clothes, jewellery, fresh food, second-hand bikes, plants, mobile phones and accessories, and much more.  

(Go back to Kings Parade/Trinity St. and turn right.  Then turn left on Trinity Lane. Enter through Queen's Gate.)

    Trinity College- (10-4:30) It was founded by Henry VIII in 1546, combining Michaelhouse and King's Hall. Michaelhouse had existed since 1324; King's Hall had been established by Edward II in 1317 and refounded by Edward III in 1337. Trinity's flag, flown on special occasions, has as its design the royal standard of Edward III. More than a third of Cambridge's 83 Nobel Prize winners have come from this richest and biggest of the town's colleges. Photography is fine.  
    (Continue on Trinity Ln. Jog left on Trinity Lane, then right on Garret Hostel Ln. Cross the water, then turn left on a path before Queen's Rd. Walk by the following.)  
    King's Backs- The Backs is the name given to the strip of land on the opposite side of the river to King's and its neighbouring colleges. The area of the Backs behind King's is called Scholars' Piece. This area is home to a herd of cattle, an unusual sight in the centre of a city. In the 15th century the stretch of river which now runs through King’s College was the very heart of the town of Cambridge. Henry VI had to give a £26-a-year tax break to the town for compulsorily taking the land and demolishing the quayside and buildings.  The lumps under the trees are probably the remains of medieval Cambridge.  
    (Continue on the path. At Silver St. go left.  Cross the water.  Turn right on Trumpington.  Watch for Ede and Ravenscroft on the left.)  
    Nevermore Letterbox  

Pembroke College (2-5)
The college is the third oldest college of the university and has over seven hundred students and fellows. On Christmas Eve 1347, Edward III granted Marie de St Pol, widow of the Earl of Pembroke, the licence for the foundation of a new educational establishment in the young university at Cambridge. The Hall of Valence Mary, as it was originally known, was thus founded to house a body of students and fellows. It’s home to the first chapel designed by Sir Christopher Wren.

    (Go right on Trumpington. Turn right on Bene't St. Then right on Corn Exchange.)  
4:00 p.m. Depart: Cambridge  
    (Go right on Corn Exchange. Turn left on Benet St. Turn left on Trumpington St. Turn right on The Fen Causeway/A1134. At the roundabout take the 1st left on Newnham Rd. Turn right on Barton Rd/A603. Go through the roundabout and enter M11 going left. At Epping go right on M25. Take the Heathrow Airport exit to Terminals 1-3.)  
5:30 p.m. Arrive: London Airport 86
  Do: Tube to London-Buy zone 1-6 pass for one time travel  
6:30 p.m.   Cherry Court
Rory and Zelda $110 (Dbl and Twin)
Ray and Sherry$110 (Dbl and Twin)
Autumn, Mark & Paul $135 (Dbl and 3 Twins)
(AC, Free Wifi, Breakfast-fruit, juice, biscuits/cookies and cereal/granola bars)


Day 14      
    Travelcard £125.85-7 day passes
Any journey that starts before 4.30am on the day following the expiry date. Includes the following:
London Underground
London Buses
National Rail Trains
The Docklands Light Railway
9:30 a.m.
Depart: Cherry Court  
    (From Victoria Station take the District/Upminster or Central/Hammersmith line two stops to Westminster Station.)  
    Parliament and Big Ben
Built 1097 and 1843
    Westminster Abbey (9:30-3:30) £25/ £22 65+ Tickets
Built 960AD, includes cloisters, college garden, chapter house and the Pyx Chamber
St Margaret's Church (9:30-12:30)
Cellarium Cafe and Terrace (8-4)
Abbey Shop (9:15-5:30)
    (Walk across the street towards Parliament.  Go to the right into Abingdon Street Gardens.  Across the water and to the right is St. Thomas' Hospital (Dr. Who).  Now walk back north past Parliament following Parliament St.  Go left on King Charles St.)  


Churchill Museum and Cabinet War Rooms (9:30-6) EHP 2 for 1 entry, £17.00/£13.60 senior over 60/
A museum in London and one of the five branches of the Imperial War Museum. The museum comprises the Cabinet War Rooms, a historic underground complex that housed a British government command centre throughout the Second World War, and the Churchill Museum, a biographical museum exploring the life of British statesman Winston Churchill.  Construction of the Cabinet War Rooms, located beneath the Treasury building in the Whitehall area of Westminster, began in 1938. They became operational in August 1939, shortly before the outbreak of war in Europe. They remained in operation throughout the Second World War, before being abandoned in August 1945 after the surrender of Japan. After the war the historic value of the Cabinet War Rooms was recognised.
    (Go back on Parliament St and turn left.  Look left at Downing St.)  
    #10 Downing Street- The historic home and office of Gordon Brown, the British Prime Minister.  It is actually the official residence of the First Lord of the Treasury, but in modern times this post has always been held simultaneously with the office of Prime Minister. Stop at the barricaded and guarded home to see the British “White House”.  Break the bobby’s boredom and ask him a question.  
    (Continue up Parliament St.)  
    The Banqueting Hall-England’s first Renaissance building was designed by Inigo Jones around 1620.  It’s one of the few London landmarks spared by the 1698 fire and the only surviving part of the original Palace of Whitehall.   
    Horse Guard- a mounted guard is ceremonially changed here twice a day  

Trafalgar Square
-is a square in central London that commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar (1805), a British naval victory of the Napoleonic Wars. The original name was to have been "King William the  Fourth's Square", but George Ledwell Taylor suggested the name "Trafalgar Square.  Completed in 1845.


1:00 p.m.

National Gallery
-  (10-6 Daily, except Fri 10-9) Free- was founded in 1824 and houses a rich collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900.Child with St. Anne and St. John the Baptist by Leonardo da Vinci is one of them.
Guided tours 11:30, 12:30, 2:30, 3:30 *Follow Rick Steve's map
The National Gallery Dining Room (10-5 Sun)
The National Cafe (10-6 Sun)
    (Go right out of the gallery to Whitcomb. Turn right on Coventry. It is on the left.)  
    M&M's World
1 Swiss St.
    (Go left on Whitcomb and go left immediately on Leicester Square.)  
3:00 p.m.
  Leicester Square-is still the perfect place to catch an afternoon matinee followed by a cappucino and gossip in one of the many pavement cafes. The Square is a popular meeting place for friends looking for a drink and a chat after a hard days slog and for tourists who seem to enjoy congregating outside the tube station. The cinemas claim to be the biggest and best but consequently tickets are the most expensive in town.  
    (Continue west on Leicester. It will become Coventry. Go left on Piccadilly Circus.)  
    Piccadilly Circus- is particularly known for its video display and neon signs mounted on the corner building on the northern side, as well as the Shaftesbury memorial fountain and statue of an archer popularly known as Eros (sometimes called The Angel of Christian Charity, but intended to be Anteros). It is surrounded by several noted buildings, including the London Pavilion and Criterion Theatre. Directly underneath the plaza is Piccadilly Circus tube station, part of the London Underground system.  
    (On the NW corner go back east on Piccadilly Circus. At the junction with Shaftesbury turn right.)  
    Crest of London (9-10 Mon-Sat, 10-8 Sun)
9 Shaftesbury
    (Take Piccadilly Circus tube. Take Piccadilly/Uxbridge or Heathrow one stop. Take Victoria/Brixton to Victoria.)  
  Lodge: Cherry Court
23 Hugh St
London SW1V 1QJ
$110 (Dbl and Twin-Ground floor)
$110 (Dbl and Twin-Lower floor)
$135 (Dbl and 3 Twin-Lower floor)
(AC, Free Wifi, Breakfast-fruit, juice, biscuits/cookies and cereal/granola bars)


Day 15      
9:00 a.m.

(At Victoria Station take the Victoria/Walthamstow Central line 5 stops to King's Cross/St Pancras. Look for signs to St. Pancras Station.)

    Harry Potter 9 3/4 Station- See the grocery cart from Harry Potter.  
    (Go left on Midland. On the right side.)  

9:30 a.m.

  British Library- (9:30-6 Mon Wed Thurs Fri, 9:30-8 Tues, 9:30-5 Sat, 11-5 Sun)
St Pancras
96 Euston Road
In a gallery called Treasures of the British Library are displayed Jane Austen’s small writing desk  (like a forerunner of the laptop computer) also a letter to Cassandra and a notebook of Jane’s very early writings. Included here are the Magna Carta, Lindisfarne Gospels, Leonardo da Vinci's Notebook and  310,000 manuscript volumes: from Jane Austen to James Joyce; Handel to the Beatles.
    (Go back to King Cross Station. Take the Piccadilly/Heathrow/Oxbridge one stop to Russell Squre. Walk across Russell Square. Turn left on Montague and right on Great Russell St.)  


  British Museum (10-5:30, Fri 10-8:30) Free
Court Restaurant-(12-5 p.m.) Upper floor Great Court Top quality cuisine from around the world
Gallery Cafe-(10-5) Ground floor, next to Room 12 with hearty meals, pasta, sandwiches, snacks, soups, salads, desserts, cakes, and hot and cold drinks, all in a family-friendly atmosphere.
Court Cafés (9-5:30) Great Court with a large selection of freshly made sandwiches and snacks, salads, desserts, cakes, and hot and cold drinks.
Bookshop- (9:30-6) specialises in ancient history, archaeology and art history reflecting the Museum collection.
Souvenir and Guide Shop (9:30-6) Souvenirs reflecting the Museum collection including guides, postcards, camera films, stationery and inexpensive gifts.
Grenville Shop (9:30-6) Luxury items including replica sculptures, jewellery, silk scarves and ties as well as a wide selection of gifts for friends and family
    (Go right on Great Russell. Turn left on Tottenham Ct. Rd. At Tottenham Court Road tube take the Northern/Batterseea/Morden line one stop to Leicester Square. Take the Piccadilly/Uxbridge/Heathrow line 4 stops to Knightbridge. Go out on Knightsbridge and turn right. On the left.)  
    Harrod's Department Store (10-8 Mon-Sat, 11:30-6 Sun)
Restaurant 9-9 Mon-Sat
Monument to Princess Diane's boyfriend
87 Brompton Road
SW3 1
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 20-77301234
    (Go back to Knightbridge tube. Take the Piccadilly/Uxbridge/Heathrow one stop to South Kensington stop. Take the District/Upminster or Central/Hammersmith line two stops to Victoria Station.)  


Cherry Court Hotel  


Day 16      
8:30 a.m.   (Take the District/Upminster or Central/Hammersmith line to Tower Hill. Across the street.)  
9:00 a.m.   Tower of London (9-5:30) £29.90/£24.00 65+ pounds Tickets
Built 1078
    (Take the District/Ealing Broadway or Central/Edgware Road 4 stops to Blackfriars. Follow the water front to the Millenium Bridge.)  
  Do: Walk the bridge  
    (Head north.)  
  See: St. Paul's Cathedral 20.50/18.40 senior/9 child Buy tickets
Built between 1675 and 1711
    (Go left out the cathedral. Jog right and left on White Lion Hill. Enter Blackfriar tube. Take District/Ealing Broadway or Central/Edgware Road 5 stops to Victoria Station.)  
  Lodge: Cherry Court  


Day 17      
  Depart: London  
  Arrive: Spokane